Helsinki is the capital and most populous city of Finland.
The city is geographically situated on the southern peninsula by the Gulf of Finland.
Facing Tallinn (Estonia) across the bay, a number of islands, which are part of Helsinki, can be reached via boats and ferries.
A world of wild contrasts
The most obvious contrast is between the annual seasons. The same lake where people come to swim and sail in summer forms a perfect skating rink or skiing arena in the winter. Warm, light summer nights gradually lengthen, until the snow settles and the late dawn merges colourfully into the early sunset during the midwinter season known to Finns as kaamos.
Archaeological discoveries suggest that Finland was first inhabited by humans about 125,000 years ago.
There is no doubting that it is big. At 130,596 square miles, Finland is the sixth largest country in western Europe (behind France, Spain, Sweden, Norway and Germany). And it is certainly northern – only Iceland, in the shape of Reykjavik, has a capital city which sits further up the torso of the planet than the Finnish kingpin Helsinki.
Kuusamo is a town in Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland. It is in the eastern part of Lapland. Neighbouring municipalities are Posio, Salla, Suomussalmi and Taivalkoski. Oulanka National Park is in the areas of Kuusamo and Salla.
The official name of Finland is the Republic of Finland.
Finland is the most sparsely populated country in the European Union, with only 16 inhabitants per km².
Finland is a Nordic country in Northern Europe famous for its surreal natural beauty and unique culture. Finland is one of the world’s happiest countries, where the citizens enjoy a high standard of living and a peaceful life.